DOJ is hesitating to Indict Comey for lying and leaking…we do not know the true reason and understand there may well be a reason that involves other charges and testimony as part of a deal…HOWEVER, if he is getting a free ride for all the OTHER serious Felonies he committed, without testimony that goes UP the pay scale, then Lady Justice is getting a knife through the heart.
DOJ should have stated clearly that the “declination” applied only to lying and leaking and other serious charges that are still on the table!
Comey was behind the illegal FISA warrants that he signed off on knowing full well that his sworn signature was based upon his belief that the information was true, correct, accurate TO THE BEST OF HIS ABILITY. It was not! He knew the information was “unverified and salacious” according to his own statements that we all heard and that is a felony, in the least! He violated the Civil Rights of several US citizens including Carter Page. He did it to conspire to affect a US Presidential election, a Felony. He conspired to tamper with evidence to obtain an illegal FISA wiretap on a US Citizen, a Felony.
Comey also conspired to remove a Duly Elected President by creating a false FBI Investigation, a false Counter Intel Case, to unseat a duly elected President, another felony. He used his Official Position as Director of the FBI to Obstruct Justice in the Criminal investigation of Hillary Clinton, to retain a high paying job, a Hobbs Act- Political Corruption violation. He tampered with evidence by withholding evidence from the FISA court, withholding evidence found on the Weiner's computer allowing Peter McCabe to break The federal Rules of criminal Procedures and by NOT reporting that the evidence was found, requirements of FBI Rules and Regulations and Best Evidence Rules on reporting evidence found.
James Comey was FBI Director and not Jesus Chris himself. He committed multiple Felonies that almost destroyed the criminal investigation on Clinton and the Presidency of Donald Trump!
HE MUST NOT WALK, MR PRESIDENT!
YOU SIMPLY MUST DIRECT THE AG TO INDICT COMEY ON ANY OF THE FELONIES HE COMMITTED…
It is undeniable that Comey and EVERY OTHER DOJ Official who signed the Carter Page FISA Wiretap Application committed Fraud Against the FISA Court!
As the Chief Lawman, Mr President…you cannot allow that to go unanswered!
Indict everyone who signed the warrant and related papers. Then deal with each case individually…DO NOT LET THESE BASTARDS GIVE YOU, US AND LADY JUSTICE THE FINGER!
You MUST TAKE CHARGE!
J GARY DILAURA
Retired FBI Agent
Even before The New York Times launched its "All Slavery, All the Time" project, no one could accuse that paper of skimping on its race coverage, particularly stories about black males killed by white(ish) police officers.
Here's one you haven't heard about. I happened upon it by sheer accident.
Antwon Rose II was a 17-year-old boy shot by an East Pittsburgh police officer in June 2018 after he bolted from a jitney car that had been stopped by the officer. The Times published about a half-dozen stories on Antwon Rose -- or as the Times calls him, "Antwon, who was unarmed."
After the officer was acquitted on all charges in March of this year, the Times ran an article by Adeel Hassan on the verdict.
Here's what you would learn from the Times: -- Antwon was unarmed. -- Antwon "was in his high school's honors program." -- Antwon "played basketball and the saxophone." -- Antwon "volunteered for a local charity." -- In 2016, Antwon wrote a poem titled, "I Am Not What You Think!" which included these lines: I see mothers bury their sons, I want my Mom to never feel that pain. -- A policeman stopped the gold Chevy Cruze Antwon "was riding in" because it "matched the description" of a car "involved" in a drive-by shooting minutes earlier. -- The jury consisted of nine whites and three African Americans.
If you read the Times piece, all you would know is that an honor student who loved his mom ... was KILLED for the crime of riding in a car similar to one that had just been used in a crime.
Wow. Just wow.
Here are some of the facts the Times left out: -- The gold Chevy Cruze Antwon fled did not merely "match the description of" a car used in a drive-by shooting: It was the car used in the drive-by shooting, as proved by surveillance video posted
online days after the shooting and shown to the jury. -- The video shows 13 shots being fired from the back seat of that exact car, with -- according to the prosecutor -- Antwon riding in the front seat. -- The backseat passenger, Zaijuan Hester, later pleaded guilty to the drive-by shooting. -- One of the victims of the drive-by shooting told police it was Antwon who shot him. "The beef was between me and him," William Ross told a Pennsylvania State Police officer. "That car came by, he shot me, I ran to the store." -- The jitney driver told police that, right before the shooting started, he heard the backseat passenger ask, "Is that him?" -- The gun used in the drive-by was recovered in the back seat of the car. -- A stolen gun was found under Antwon's seat, an empty magazine in Antwon's pants pocket, and there was gunpowder residue on Antwon's hands. -- The car stopped by the officer was riddled with bullet holes. -- The jury that unanimously acquitted the officer was led by an African American foreman, who stoutly defended the verdict.
None of that made it into the Times story on the trial's conclusion.
I'm glad that Antwon did charity work, but isn't it rather more important that he had participated in a drive-by shooting of two other black guys 13 minutes before being stopped by a police officer?
That's not conjecture or speculation. Hassan wasn't writing about the case the day after the shooting. These are facts that were presented in court and copiously reported by the local media -- even in the British press.
Normal Person to The New York Times: Why did you say the car "matched the description" of the car used in a drive-by shooting -- but not say that it WAS the car used in the drive-by shooting? NYT: I'm sorry, who are you and do you have a press pass? Normal Person: You didn't mention that a stolen gun was found under Antwon's seat and a matching cartridge in Antwon's pocket??? NYT: We only have so much space and I needed room for Antwon's poem. Normal Person: You didn't have space to say that gun residue was found on Antwon's hands? NYT: I could have run more of the poem. It was a good poem. Normal Person: Or that one of the victims of the drive-by said Antwon was the one who shot him? NYT: The officer didn't know that. Normal Person: Did the officer know about Antwon's A.P. classes? It goes to the likelihood of his behavior being perceived as threatening. The officer could certainly see that the car's back window had been shot out. NYT: You're a white supremacist and white nationalist and, yes, I know they're different, but you're both. There's no reason to think this isn't standard operating procedure at the Times. The editors can't say, OK, OK, that one got past us! The Times has told wild lies about the racist shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri (false), the racist arrest of Freddie Grey in Baltimore (false), the racist shooting of Trayvon Martin in Florida (false), the racist gang-rape of a black stripper by a Duke lacrosse team (false) and so on. Antwon Rose's shooting wasn't even a flood-the-zone, hair-on-fire story. But the Times lied about it, too. This is a newspaper that cannot be trusted on anything touching on race. They're liars and ideologues, not reporters and editors.
“Some think depression is simply being sad, that OCD is being uptight. They think the soul is sick, not the body. It is, they believe, something that you have some choice over.” – David Levithan
The mental health system in America is in crisis. Although most healthcare policies include mental health coverage, after Obamacare passed, the system to deliver services imploded. States have no criteria to judge who urgently needs help, and too few providers. Since states have also passed restrictive drug laws, the mentally ill can only get medications from a specialist. The average age of a psychiatrist is roughly 50 years old and nobody is stepping up to fill the void when they close their doors. Patients are left alone in a world not made for them to exist in without essential medications. Some go off the edge and are committed to overcrowded institutions; and some are not that lucky.
The growing national concern about mental healthcare exposes mental illness as a leading cause of disability in the U.S. It is the most under-treated health impairment in the nation. The suicide rate has increased three-fold in the last two decades due to lack of access to mental health treatment. The cultural and social stigma surrounding mental illness has left many patients to suffer silently with no one to turn to for help.
When they come out of the closet, they discover psychiatrists are not taking new patients; even those are hundreds of miles away from their homes. “If and when” they do receive treatment, it is usually too little too late. Others just give up, and another productive life is wasted.
Mental health is physical health. The brain is a part of the body. When it is ill, it must be treated. If a person has good mental health, they are able to think clearly and interface with others in society. This allows them to live their lives the way they wish. But if they are prevented from doing this due to a reaction from a crisis or an event in their lives, this affects their mental health. When they can’t cope with problems or solve them, they feel as bad or worse than any other illness they have ever had.
“A lot of people are living with mental illness. Either you love one or are one.”
– Mark Ruffalo
Mental illness ranges from moderate to severe. A serious mental illness is a behavioral, emotional or other condition that alters the state of a mind into functional impairment. When these conditions substantially limit a person’s daily life activities, they become totally disabled. Those living without professional help and medication get worse and are institutionalized.
Those with the most severe cases are hospitalized for lengthy periods, and sometimes for an entire life. The tragedy is many of them could be living productive lives if they had received treatment when they first needed help.
The demand for mental healthcare in the U.S. is rapidly rising along with the aging population. The American Medical Association estimates 1 in 5 people have serious mental health issues that must be treated immediately. The impact on their lives and society without treatment affects the patient’s income, quality of life, relationships and productivity. The American Psychiatric Institute confirmed their death rate is higher than any disease in America. The most common disorders left untreated include depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment.
“When a person’s struggle becomes their identity, too many just give up.”
– Dr. Janis Diets
While the U.S. has a shortage of doctors, the paucity of mental health professionals is greater than any other field. According to the Health Services Administration over 89 million Americans reside in federally designated Mental Health Shortage Areas. The National Council for Mental Health says the demand for mental health services continues to increase, but we are losing providers that are not being replaced. There was a shortage before Obamacare passed. Now many are retiring early and this vacuum is epidemic. Over half of those seeking help for themselves or a loved one are turned away; even with the best insurance coverage. Many providers are no longer taking insurance and others “cherry pick” their patients. This use to be the exception: now if has become the new norm.
Everyone in our nation is aware there always was and always will be drug trafficking as long as we have unprotected boarders. A study by the International Institute of Medicine estimates about 95 percent of street drugs come across the border or are made illegally. As states pass one-size-fits-all drug laws, they restrict dispensing of anxiety and depression drugs to those who need them most. Now the mentally ill can no longer have prescriptions written by their PCP for medications they once got from them, when they were denied treatment from a psychiatrist. They live torturous lives without their medications, and suffer in silence.
“Nothing’s more isolating than a mental illness.”
National studies point to government and insurers for making the already over-taxed system worse with the passage of Obamacare. To meet federal demands that include routine procedures in over-inclusive generic insurance plans, mental healthcare was short changed. Due to huge deductibles, half of those who need help must choose between physical and mental health treatment. Almost half of those who can’t find doctors taking new patients, or can’t pay cash for life saving help, lose their most productive years isolated from the world. They anguish through life suffering in silence.
“Anxiety does not empty tomorrow of its sorrow. It empties today of its strength.” – Demi Lovato
Although Obamacare required insurers to provide mental healthcare coverage, the cost of these plans escalated due to the federal demands placed on insurers. One of the ludicrous claims made by its proponents was insurance premiums would go down. Instead, premiums ballooned to pay for additional services. This decreased access to mental healthcare by mandating new requirements for insurers, raising taxes, and forcing mentally ill patients into cookie cutter plans. This reduced options for the mentally ill, and raised the costs and co-pays exponentially. Today, even many of those with good coverage that experience a major crisis can no longer get life-saving treatments.
Singer Lady Gaga recently said, “Those who don’t feel your pain can’t tell you it will just go away.” Obama’s healthcare mandates on insurance companies violated our free markets and backfired. Now the mentally ill are left on the outside looking in. Mental illness in America has always been considered a subordinate medical ailment. Any good intentions Obama’s Congress had when they signed Obamacare into law constituted a death certificate for many mentally ill. Our over-loaded mental healthcare network short-circuited. Now there are even fewer providers who will treat them.
People from all over the world come to America to take advantage of our healthcare. They flock to our hospitals for life-saving treatments they can only get here. Yet we are denying services to many of our citizens afflicted with moderate and severe mental illness. Obamacare mortally wounded our once coveted healthcare system. If “Medicare for all” becomes law, it will be the fatal and final blow to totally dismantle our mental healthcare system. It will leave thousands more Americans living in an intimidating world of anxiety and depression that could have been helped with proper treatment.
Mental illness is physical illness and can affect anyone. Nobody is immune to it. It’s time to speak up for those that suffer in silence.
"If you use your platform and your voice to raise awareness and enforce change, I feel deeply there is nothing more respectable one can ever do.” – Lady Gaga
William Haupt III
The Center Square
The right of pharmaceutical companies to speak freely with doctors about truthful information regarding their products’ uses is under attack, according to the Phoenix-based Goldwater Institute.
The institute highlighted the story of Howard Root, a Minnesota CEO who created a billion-dollar medical device company, to illustrate its point.
Root, founder and former CEO of Vascular Solutions (VSI), a Minneapolis-based company that manufactures medical devices to treat vascular disease, was facing three years of prison time and the destruction of his company because of federal prosecutors.
It all started after some VSI sales representatives, against Root’s orders, discussed with doctors the potential off-label uses of one of VSI’s medical devices, the Vari-Lase short kit. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) claimed such a discussion was illegal.
After years of battling the government, a jury acquitted Root and VSI of all criminal charges in 2016.
The cost to Root was great: $25 million spent on legal fees to defend himself, his employees and VSI. The value of VSI’s stock plummeted, and medical devices that might have saved countless lives went undeveloped during years of court proceedings, the Goldwater Institute argues.
After Root’s four-year ordeal, the institute developed a blueprint report, “The Free Speech in Medicine Act” for other states to implement in order to protect the free-speech rights of pharmaceutical, manufacturing, healthcare providers and companies.
“The U.S. Constitution provides a floor of protection for individual rights, not a ceiling, leaving states free to enact laws that protect those rights more broadly than the federal Constitution does,” the report states.
The FDA generally approves a new drug or device for a single condition and after a long and expensive review process involving years of clinical studies. Once approved, doctors generally can discuss the use of the product/drug/device or prescribe it to treat patients with other ailments. Such a practice is called “off-label.”
Various medical journals cite the use of off-label drugs accounting for 20 to 25 percent of all drugs legally prescribed. Yet, if drug and device companies promote “off-label” devices or products that have not been approved by the FDA for their specifically intended purpose, even if the promotions are true, the federal government claims they are breaking the law.
As a result, drug companies have paid billions of dollars to settle both civil and criminal allegations brought by the federal government over the use of off-label marketing. Corporate executives also have been criminally prosecuted on fraud and conspiracy felony charges because of off-label claims made by their company’s sales representatives, even if the executives had no knowledge of them.
When it comes to making choices about their healthcare, “people need to have more information so that they can make informed decisions – not less,” Goldwater Institute Executive Vice President Christina Sandefur said. “What the FDA is doing is taking important information away from doctors and away from patients.”
“Government can restrict conduct – it can make it illegal to perform brain surgery or prescribe drugs – but it can’t restrict communication without surviving First Amendment scrutiny,” says Dana Berliner, litigation director at the Institute for Justice, a libertarian nonprofit law firm.
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court have both found that drug companies and company sales consultants have constitutionally protected rights to free speech – including discussing the off-label uses of products, free speech advocates note.
The Center Square
John Fadely, born March 23, 1943 in Anderson, Indiana passed away peacefully on August 10, 2019. He attended Madison Heights High School in Anderson, Indiana. He joined the Navy after high school where he learned his trade of Tool and Die Making. He worked for several tool and die shops before enjoying a long career with Delco Remy as a Tool and Die Maker. During his tenure at Delco Remy he started his own shop with friend James Ferguson called J&J Tool.
He retired from the Ft Wayne Truck and Bus prior to moving to Florida where he continued to work on a part time basis for several security companies. His passion for helping others led him to memberships to the Elks, Redman Lodge, American Legion, Moose, Murat Shrine, Madison County Shrine Club-where he was an active member of the Desert Patrol. He held many offices within those organizations. He was on the Daleville School Board from 1988-1992.
In Florida, he belonged to Bonita Springs Lions Club. He joined the Araba Shrine Temple where he was active in the Tin Lizzies before transferring to the Klassy Kars. He ran the Araba Bingo.
He was involved with the Quetzacoatl. John's life was enriched by improving the lives of children through the Shriner's Hospital. In January of this year, he was elected as Illustrious Sir John Fadely, (Potentate). He is preceded in death by his Father Frances Fadely, Mother Inez Martin and Step-Father Lennie Price who raised him after his father's passing. He is preceded by his former wife Dianna Fadely and his brother Steve Price. John is survived by his wife, Terry Fadely of 34 years, Children-Traci Fadely of Anderson, Robert (Jennifer) Fadely of Niles Michigan, Shelley(David) Fadely Gentry. Six Grandchildren-Madison Fadely, Melissa Gentry, Alex Fadely, Spencer Gentry, Jacob Erickson and Eli Fadely. John is also survived by his Aunt Charlotte Martin and special sons Javier Vazquez of Madrid, Spain, Greg Blake and Chris Wilson.
A Celebration Of Life will be announced at a later date. In lieu of flowers the family wishes for donations to be made to the Araba Shrine Temple at 2010 Hanson Street, Fort Myers, FL.
33901. Arrangements are being handled by Gendron Funeral & Cremation Services Inc.
Ed. Note: John was/is a great man and a good friend to all who knew him, he will be sorely missed. Terry if you need anything, you have our number....
Last week, U.S. District Court Judge William O. Bertelsman dismissed Nick Sandmann's $250 million defamation suit against The Washington Post for its stories about a mythical racist hate-crime allegedly committed by Sandmann, a Catholic schoolboy, against fake war hero and "Indigenous Person" Nathan Phillips.
U.S. Coast Guard Day honors the military branch that protects our waters and shorelines. The U.S. Defense Department suggests that this day is largely an internal celebration for all Coast Guard personnel and their families, past and present. But, we'd like to encourage everyone to honor the brave members of this important branch of the military.
Celebrate U.S. Coast Guard Day by learning more about the responsibilities and functions of the U.S. Coast Guard. They are now playing an even more extensive role in Homeland Security to protect our country.
We here at the Sun Bay Paper salute all Coast Guard personnel today and every day. We hope you do, too.
So that we understand each other…there are normal Democrat people, with common sense, not a lot, but who believe in our Rule of Law, our Constitution and our Republic with equal rights for ALL. They have more liberal opinions on things than us but…for the most part they aren’t nuts, like the Democraps! We even have many as friends and they are traditional Democrats and good people….
Then there are those who have no honor, no conscience, no plan except for self promotion and an insatiable appetite for money and power. They would sell their own mothers to become President of this great Nation, to change it to a Socialist Nation. “Some”, to their credit …even, actually stopped trying to hide their beliefs , 'came out of the closet', so to speak and admit they’re either commie ,red, pinko’s or Socialist Democrats or Democrat Socialists or Socialist Muslims or Progressive Socialist Democrat Modified Progressive Bisexual Democraps! They define my new word…DEMOCRAP.
All they spew is ridiculous, Fairytale, impossible, implausible, unattainable, “nutso” ideas that no 5th grader would even recommend. For example, I want you to assume that 82% of your electric power comes from fossil fuel and most of the rest from 98 nuclear plants in 30 States. Less than 10% comes from other sources like hydro, solar wind, and the hot air spewing from the lips of Democraps.
Now I want you to understand that what I am about to tell you is FACTUAL…not made up by me or a grade school 1st grader or a homeless crack head. It comes from most of the 20 Democrap hopefuls you just saw on the Democrat Debate. In their New Green Deal…the one that AOC thought up, the one that they almost all promoted but none voted for( that is very telling, isn’t it?) they tell us they want to eliminate “ all fossil fuel and nuclear power plants and eliminate entirely our dependence on fossil fuel, in 12 years”! Really?! They plan on grounding all air travel that depends on fossil fuel and to eliminate totally the use of oil, natural gas and coal!!!!
WITH WHAT DID THEY SAY WOULD REPLACE THE OIL, NATURAL GAS, COAL, NUCLEAR POWER…?
All I hear is SILENCE! What do you hear? Same thing …huh!
Okay…do we go back to “off the grid Alaska living”, because all they use is wood…please don’t tell them that wood is a fossil fuel or we will really be screwed!
Folks that’s in line with what Hussein Obama did to us. Before he built the “concentration camps” to hold illegal aliens, that the Democraps blame Trump for!
Obama said that he would and almost did… bankrupt every clean coal plant in the US. He dropped our Grid from 120% of capacity to less that 100% of capacity by closing Clean Coal Plants like the cleanest of them all, the Sommerst Power plant about 15 miles from my home. I never saw black soot coming from the stack, but Obama shut them down! Why? Ask him!
It gets better…all 20 of those brain dead Democrap Candidates want to give people who are here ILLEGALLY free health care, free housing, free food …that’s what they say…not me!
They live in the Land of Oz surrounded by pixie dust that turns into money for the grabbing by waving a magic wand…! That must be why Obama said that neither he nor Trump nor anybody else could bring manufacturing jobs back to the US (that Obama and the EPA) chased away, without Trump waving his magic wand. Obama really said that folks! Yea…he probably meant Trump couldn’t do it in 1…year…after all it took President Trump almost 2 years to accomplish that feat! And we have the lowest unemployment and greatest number of manufacturing jobs in our country’s history and for the first time and the US is the largest producer of oil and refined petroleum products (than ANY country in the World) and is ENERGY independent!!!
All that, must have been what Obama “started” by shutting down the Green River Oil Reserve, shutting down the Bakkan Oil Reserve and refinery , stopping the Canadian Pipe Line, stopping oil drilling near Canada and all the other stupid and downright Treasonous Acts the Great Obama accomplished.
We can’t afford another so called Democrat for President
If you love sharks like we do, join us in celebrating Shark Week 2019! Did you know that sharks are one of the top ocean predators? They play an important role in the food web, helping to ensure balance in the ocean’s ecosystem.
Explore the sharktastic features below to glean something new about these amazing creatures. And while you're at it, get a closer look at how we study sharks and manage their populations.
Shark spine research may unlock new treatments for humans. Sharks may hold answers for doctors looking to take some of the bite out of osteoporosis and other degenerative human bone diseases.
NOAA Fisheries’ Apex Predators Program provided spinal column samples from shortfin mako, common thresher, dusky, and blue sharks to a scientist at Northwestern University working with the Department of Energy.
Shark spines are made of cartilage, not bone like most animals have. Professor Stuart Stock’s research seeks to answer questions about how shark cartilage forms and functions. Stock’s findings could ultimately lead to better methods for treating human bone diseases.
Shark spines constantly flex when they swim, yet remain surprisingly resilient during the fish’s lifespan. Human bones can’t endure the same kind of bending—they become more fragile with age. It just may be that these sharks will help scientists develop better medical treatments to help our bones be more resilient, too.
Seven Surprising Shark Facts
1. Some sharks have belly buttons.
Many sharks are viviparous, meaning they give birth to live young. Like all sharks, species such as blue, bull, and hammerhead sharks rely at first on a yolk sac for nutrition. But they also develop a placental connection similar to a mammal’s umbilical cord. After the pups are born, they’re left with a scar between their pectoral fins—effectively a belly button. This is visible for up to a few months before healing completely.
The embryos of other viviparous species remain in a thin egg envelope while they grow inside their mother. They hatch when the yolk supply runs out. Some species will then absorb nutrients from their mother’s uterus or consume unfertilized eggs before birth. The first sand tiger to hatch in each uterus—sharks have two—will also consume the other embryos before feeding on unfertilized eggs.
The remainder of shark species are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. The egg cases often have long tendrils that help secure the egg to seaweed or rocky habitat.
2. Pregnancy lasts years for some species.
Female spiny dogfish sharks have one of the longest confirmed pregnancies of any vertebrate: up to two years. Other sharks may have them beat. Some scientists estimate that basking shark gestation lasts up to 3.5 years. Frilled sharks may also carry their pups for more than three years.
Some smaller species are at the other end of the spectrum. Bonnethead sharks, for example, give birth after around five months.
3. Some species can have hundreds of pups. Others have no more than two.
Blue sharks have been known to give birth to more than a hundred live pups at once, and a whale shark collected off Taiwan was reported to have a litter of 300. Sand tiger sharks, on the other hand, deliver a maximum of two pups at once.
Small litter size is one reason some shark species are especially vulnerable to overfishing. It also plays a big role in the timing of rebuilding plans. For example, we expect it to take a total of 100 years for dusky shark populations to return to healthy levels in part because females give birth to just 3–16 pups every two or three years.
4. Many shark species call coastal waters home as juveniles.
Coastal and estuarine waters make good homes for shark pups. These areas often have many small fish and crustaceans. Shallower nursery areas also have fewer large predators, increasing the chance of survival.
NOAA Fisheries manages two research programs to identify shark nursery areas in the Atlantic. The data collected each year is used to decide whether areas should be protected as essential fish habitats.
5. Some sharks reach maturity in their 20s.
While many fish species mature in just a few years, sharks can take many years—and sometimes decades—to mature. Male white sharks reach sexual maturity after 26 years, for instance, while female white sharks aren’t ready to carry pups for 33 years. Even the shorter-lived lemon shark can’t reproduce until they are 13–15 years old.
Sharpnose sharks have among the fastest growth periods. They reach maturity around three years after birth.
We use a range of science-based tools to help prevent too many sharks from being fished before they reach maturity, including minimum size requirements and area closures. 6. Sharks can migrate thousands of miles in a year.
Sharks are found in oceans throughout the world. Some species migrate vast distances in search of food and to breed. Blue sharks, for instance, are transatlantic travelers, with some migrating from our East Coast to western Europe and Africa. A tagging program managed by the Northeast Fisheries Science Center has recorded several additional species traveling more than 1,000 miles in a single year, including dusky, sandbar, night, bigeye thresher, shortfin mako, and tiger sharks.
We’ve learned more about the movement of some shark species in recent decades thanks to advances in electronic tagging programs and modeling. The results of these programs are incorporated into the population assessments at the heart of our fishery management strategy.
7. Not all sharks are at the top of the food web.
There are over 500 species of sharks worldwide, and most of them are less than 3-feet long. Atlantic sharpnose, for example, are on the menu for larger species like bull sharks and hammerheads. Small sharks might also have to keep an eye out for orcas, seals, sea lions, octopuses, groupers and other predators depending on where they live and what other food is available.
Did President Donald Trump launch his Twitter barrage at Elijah Cummings simply because the Baltimore congressman was black?
Was it just a "racist" attack on a member of the Black Caucus?
Or did Trump go after Cummings after a Saturday Fox News report that his district was in far worse condition than the Mexican border area for which Cummings had demagogically berated Border Patrol agents?
Here are Trump's crucial tweets:
"Elijah Cummings has been a brutal bully, shouting and screaming at the great men & women of Border Patrol about conditions at the Southern Border, when actually his Baltimore district is FAR WORSE and more dangerous. His district is considered the Worst in the USA...
"...the Border is clean, efficient & well run, just very crowded. Cummings' District is a disgusting, rat and rodent infested mess. If he spent more time in Baltimore, maybe he could help clean up this very dangerous & filthy place."
The Fox News report that triggered Trump's tweets featured a Maryland Republican strategist, Kimberly Klacik, whose videos showed piles of trash and abandoned homes in Baltimore. "A lot of people said he (Cummings) hasn't even been there in a while," Klacik claimed.
And Trump, it appears, has more ammunition than that.
Baltimore in 2018 was the murder capital of America and ranked second among her most violent major cities. With St. Louis and Detroit, Baltimore is always at or near the top of the list of the most dangerous American cities.
And what has Cummings, in office 28 years, done to alter that awful reputation?
As for the presence of rats and rodents, Baltimore has competitors.
There have lately been news reports of the homeless in LA and San Francisco living on city sidewalks, defecating where they sleep, attracting rodents and vermin, with little or nothing done about it.
Is it racist to call attention to the decline of so many of America's great cities that have long been under liberal Democratic rule?
Over this weekend, while Trump was tweeting, nine people were shot dead in Chicago and 39 wounded. Sounds like Baghdad or Kabul.
Is this the new normal that Americans must accept?
A prediction: The incidence of murders, rapes, robberies and assaults in urban America, which saw a steep decline in the last three decades, is about to rise again.
Why? Because the attitudes and policies that produced these sinking rates of crime and violence -- especially the dramatic increase in the incarceration of criminals in America -- are changing.
In 1980, some 500,000 criminals were in federal and state prisons and jails. By 2016, some 2.2 million inmates were in jails and prisons and another 4.5 million convicts were on parole or probation, being monitored.
As violent criminals were taken off the streets and put behind bars for years, crime fell, and most dramatically in cities like New York, where the backing of cops and intolerance of criminals by mayors Rudy Giuliani and Mike Bloomberg was the most pronounced.
Hundreds of thousands of Americans were not victimized by crimes in the last three decades because their would-be perpetrators were behind bars. But today, a campaign is afoot to reduce prison populations and use more progressive methods to deal with crime.
Ex-Vice President Joe Biden, who, as a senator and a chairman of the Judiciary Committee, played a role in taking criminals off the streets, seems almost apologetic about what he and the "law and order" Republicans of those decades accomplished.
And the mindset that put first the right of the innocent to be free from domestic violence is vanishing. A recent video of NYPD cops being doused with pails of water as they made their rounds in Harlem has gone viral. The number of applicants for police training programs is dropping. Verbal assaults on "white racist cops" have taken a toll on police morale.
We seem to be drifting back to the 1960s, when crime began to soar and "law and order" began to surge as a national issue.
That issue helped Barry Goldwater capture the nomination from a Republican establishment that had controlled his party for decades.
In 1966, Hollywood actor Ronald Reagan ran as a law and order candidate for governor and routed the liberal incumbent by a million votes.
In 1968, Richard Nixon ran as the law and order candidate, which helped him to stave off George Wallace and defeat Hubert Humphrey, whose Democratic Party was almost twice the size as the GOP.
In 1988, Democratic nominee Gov. Michael Dukakis' prospects for the presidency vanished when he indicated he would not impose capital punishment, even on a criminal who had raped and murdered his wife.
Calling out the urban liberals who run most of America's cities, for their failure to make those cities more livable and safe, might be a winning issue for Trump in 2020.
Is this where Trump is headed? Is it a coincidence that Attorney General Bill Barr just said he will begin imposing the death penalty?
Patrick J. Buchanan