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Climate change warnings
poignantly made during the
Olympic Games opening ceremony
on Friday are likely to resonate
with athletes as they struggle to
train and compete in Brazil’s tropical
Marathon runners, swimmers,
volleyball players and even
soccer referees will succumb to extreme
temperatures and lose concentration
during the games, in
some cases risking their lives to
heatstroke, according to a report
released Monday by Observatorio
do Clima, a Brazilian civil society
“Because of warming, sport
will never be the same again,” and
fewer records than in previous
games are likely to fall as a result,
the report said.
Global warming was a key theme
of the opening ceremony, featuring
maps, charts and graphics of rising
global temperatures, melting polar
ice caps and rising sea levels encroaching
on cities from Amsterdam
to Shanghai.
Brazil heated up faster than
the global average, warming 1 degrees
Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit)
in the last 54 years, and four
cities smashed new heat records in
2015, according to the report. If
countries don’t deliver on goals to
limit global temperature rises to
“well below” 2 degrees Celsius, 12
Brazilian cities may have to limit
play in similar games by the end of
the decade, it said.
Rising Heat
Sharply higher temperatures
so far haven’t impacted this
year’s Olympiad, according to Jose
Marengo, a climate scientist at the
Brazilian government’s National
Center for Monitoring Warning of
Natural Disasters. Temperatures in
Rio could climb to about 30 degrees
Celsius on Aug. 15 from
about about 24 degrees Celsius on
Monday, according to Accuweather.
Even though the games are
taking place during Brazil’s winter,
the heat may still impede performance,
particularly in the marathon
where Olympic records have only
been broken in temperatures below
12 degrees Celsius. Runners perform
best between 8 degrees and
11 degrees, well below the level
expected this month in Brazil, the
report said.
Over the coming years, athletes
are likely to “give into fatigue
earlier on, even if they remain in
the competition until the end,” according
to the report.
‘Fade Out’
The next Olympic Games
in Tokyo in 2020 could more heatwaves
because climate change
tends to create hotter summers and
colder winters, Marengo said. Temperatures
in the Japanese capital
may top 36 degrees Celsius this
week, according to AccuWeather.
“Temperatures are getting
higher and heatwaves are getting
more frequent,” Marengo said.
“We don’t see many studies showing
how this heat stress will impact
people working outdoors.”
Jessica Shankleman

As a teenaged cashier seeing
how food stamps were used by
so-called disadvantaged people, I
changed my mind about the Democratic
Party. I also learned how
people gamed the welfare system.
They’d buy two dozen packs of
soda with food stamps and then
sell them at a discount for cash.
They’d ring up their orders
separately, buying food with food
stamps, and beer, wine, and cigarettes
with cash. They’d regularly
go through the checkout line
speaking on their cell phones. I
could never understand why our
lives felt like a struggle while
those living off of government
largesse enjoyed trinkets that I
only dreamed about. . . .
Every two weeks, I’d get a
small paycheck and notice the line
where federal and state income
taxes were deducted from my
wages. At least as often, our drugaddict
neighbor would buy T-bone
steaks, which I was too poor to
buy for myself but was forced by
Uncle Sam to buy for someone
else. This was my mindset when I
was seventeen, and though I’m far
less angry today than I was then, it
was my first indication that the
policies of Mamaw’s “party of the
working man”—the Democrats—
weren’t all they were cracked up
to be.
Political scientists have
spent millions of words trying to
explain how Appalachia and the
South went from staunchly Democratic
to staunchly Republican in
less than a generation.
Some blame race relations
and the Democratic Party’s embrace
of the civil rights movement.
Others cite religious faith and the
hold that social conservatism has
on evangelicals in that region.
A big part of the explanation
lies in the fact that many in
the white working class saw precisely
what I did, working at Dillmans.
Nobody likes to feel like a
Glen Reynolds

Tuesday, 16 August 2016 12:12

Tallahassee's Chemical Roulette

The state Environmental
Regulation Commission has voted
to increase allowable levels of cancer-
causing chemicals in Florida
And Rick Scott wonders
why Floridians distrust his administration.
“Trust us; we’re experts,”
the governor would have us believe.
In a spasm of linguistic absurdity,
his environmental protection
chief tells us this decision will
enable DEP “to provide better public
health protection for our state.”
Think about it: “Protection”
means to safeguard from injury or
harm. Do you believe that more
poison in your water will improve
your health? Tallahassee is the
town where up is down, black is
white, and science is searching for
its soul.
There’s only one reason
DEP would play chemical roulette
with our waters: The governor values
private profits more than public
This is what we see: Money
begets influence, which begets
power, which begets money. The
circle is unbroken.
Wake up, Florida. We are called to
look under the hood of democracy.
It’s time for deep change.
—John Moran, Gainesville

Tuesday, 16 August 2016 12:06

Walking The Waters Edge

Fort Myers Beach has been
facing an ongoing problem with
our water quality issue and anyone
who lives here has witnessed our
alluring beach go from a crystal
blue to a murky brown. Residents
and tourists alike have noticed the
smell and almost slimy sand along
the beach. As you walk the beach
you will notice when the water
breaks on shore it carries an almost
black soot that settles at the shoreline.
What is this going to do for
our community considering our
economy is based on the constant
flow of tourists coming in and out?
“People here today realize that
we're 100 percent tourism based as
a community and an economy.”
John Heim stated, Fort Myers resident
who is a representative for the
Southwest Florida Clean Water
Movement. “They know without
clean water, we’ll lose our billion
dollar tourism industry.”
There is a network of optical
water quality sensors distributed
throughout the Caloosahatchee
river and estuary to provide
real-time, water quality data
to scientists, policy makers, and
the general public. The River Estuary
and Coastal Observing Network
known as RECON has high
quality autonomous sensors that
can detect the presence of algal
blooms and nutrient hotspots.
We have been experiencing record
rainfall this year and the water that
goes into Lake has to go somewhere
so it seems the real argument
is where the water should go.
The 4,400 square miles of Lake
“O” contributes tothe water that flows into the
Caloosahatchee estuary and the
Gulf of Mexico. Overtime, these
watersheds have changed from
low-nutrient loading marshes and
wetlands to high loading urban and
agricultural land uses. These nutrients
increase turbidity and decrease
concentrations of dissolved oxygen
also fueling nuisance algal blooms.
People who frequently come
to Fort Myers as their preferred vacation
spot have commented on the
decline of our pristine water.
Diane C. of Missouri, a frequent
visitor to our very own Pink Shell
Resort said, “We love the ocean
but we were so disappointed when
we saw it. The water was brown
and murky; it felt like we were
swimming in the Mississippi River
instead of the Gulf Coast. It makes
me wonder what it’s doing to the
people who swim in it considering
it harms the fish and wildlife.”
The sea grasses that have
washed up on the beach lately in
shear force are low-nutrient
adapted communities that have
been affected in this crisis. These
sea grasses in turn directly affect
the fish, crustaceans, and marine
mammals. “The state of Florida
needs to fix this otherwise people
will be opting to spend their money
elsewhere” said Diane. “When I
think of the Gulf Coast of Florida I
think of white sandy beaches and
blue ocean water, unfortunately
that’s not what we got during our
stay.” Instead, the water on FortMyers Beach is murky and gray
much like cement mixing water.
Some local environmentalists
were pointing fingers at US
Sugar. John Heim said “The sugar
Industry is guilty of back pumping
into the lake.” The water management
report says that 10 inches is
from rainfall the rest is back-pumping
because all the public lands by
Lake “O” are filled with water and
it has to go somewhere. Flood
control laws state that when water
reaches a certain level, it must be
pumped into Lake “O”. Water experts
would like to remind us that
this was once the Everglades. It
was drained so more than a million
people could live here and the
water is creeping back up and managing
it can be difficult. “There
are certainly a number of other
sources that are also feeding into
the water quality problems,” said
Jennifer Hecker of the Conservancy
of Southwest Florida.
Hecker blames much of the polluted
waters from residential runoff
between the lake and Fort Myers.
The issue we’ve been experiencing
is something we should all
be knowledgeable of due to the
fact it directly affects us as a community.
The problem is not going
away anytime soon as a matter fact
it has continuously gotten worse
over the summer months. We
should all know where we stand on
this before it’s too late.
Colin Conley

United Nations Headquarters
was bustling with activity on Monday,
full beyond capacity as island dwellers
from around the world gathered for
the Multi-Stakeholder Partnership in
the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable
Development Goals, to chart
the progress of Small Island Developing
States (SIDS).
In December 2015, the General
Assembly adopted a resolution establishing
the Small Island
Developing States (SIDS) Partnership
Framework in line with the priorities
of island nations.
The SIDS Partnership Framework
empowered the UN Secretariat
to organize an annual, action-oriented,
results-focused Global Multi-stakeholder
SIDS Partnership Dialogue.
This third annual event provided
an opportunity for the reviewing
the progress made by existing partnerships,
sharing of best practices, lessons
learned, and challenges faced in
Permanent Representative of Maldives
to the UN and Ambassador of Maldives
to the United States Ahmed Sareer
(Photo by IISD)
Sebastiano Cardi, Ambassador
of Italy co-chaired the Steering Committee
on Partnerships for SIDS with
Permanent Representative of Maldives
to the UN and Ambassador of Maldives
to the United States Ahmed Sareer.
They and the delegates took
stock of the two-year journey since
the multi-stakeholder partnerships
began. Much progress has been made
with more than 300 partnerships now
An online reporting template,
the SIDS Action Platform, has helped
track specific measurable results of
the partnerships.
The SIDS partnerships started
with a focus on the Pacific Region,
and the program is now expanding to
other islands around the world.
In an attempt to control the
vast quantities of plastic litter, discarded
fishing nets and other waste,
the Global Partnership on Marine Litter
mechanism was born in 2012 at the
UN’s environmental Rio+20 summit.
A beach surrounded by pristine Pacific
waters in Western Samoa Dec. 2011
(Photo by Dave Lonsdale)
This partnership’s core goals
are reducing the levels and impacts of
land-based litter and solid waste in the
aquatic environment and, at the same
time, reducing levels and impact of
sea-based sources of marine debris –
solid waste, lost cargo, abandoned,
lost or discarded fishing gear, and
abandoned vessels.
The Samoan Islands archipelago
in the central South Pacific has
two governments separated by 64 km
of ocean – the independent country of
Samoa in the western half of the island
chain, and the territory of American
Samoa covering the islands to the east
New ways of cleaning up rubbish
and marine debris are being introduced
on many of the islands, as is
separating garbage for recycling.
Samoa now has an active waste-separation
program, and Samoan residents
have started distributing rubbish bins
to hotels with multi-stakeholder partners.
A locally produced film clip
from Samoa shown at the conference
illustrated some approaches to reducing
levels and impacts of accumulated
marine debris on shorelines, aquatic
habitats, and biodiversity.
These West Indian manatees,
Trichechus manatus, belong to a
species listed as Endangered by the
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (Photo
One of the challenges the
multi-stakeholder partnerships have
had to overcome is the building of
trust between public and private sectors,
and with civil society.
Climate change, sustainable
energy and ocean preservation have
taken priority, but other areas of partnership
development also are needed,
especially around alternative transportation
and endangered species.
The World Bank has invested
in The Partnership Meeting the climate
challenge: Briefing on the Small
Island State Resilience Initiative
(SISRI) with US$800 million a year
for SIDS.
Knowledge is connected in
the three pillars: institutional, operational,
technical-early warning detection
of natural disasters.
Dedicated World Bank Team
SIDS specialists shared knowledge
from many organizations on the resilience
of coral reefs, and for risk assessment
with road maps in flood zones.
The collaborations are valuable
as a common theme of the partnerships
was the synergy of teams,
and the goal of transparency about results
and process through partnerships.
The Samoa–Samoa Pathway
has 69 partnerships, of which 17 have
implemented solutions, explained Peseta
Noumea Simi, CEO of the Governments
of Samoa’s Ministry of
Foreign Trade.
“The challenges are to address
ocean acidity and use a common
framework, improvement and establish
endurable partnership, there are
trust and accountability as well as
equal,” she explained.
A joint partnership with Italy
and Japan set up a Pacific Regional
Center for Climate Change. This looks
to be a win/win for all involved in the
multi-level partnership, Capacity
building and the gathering of greater
resources to cope with climate change
than those available to island states
alone are the goals.
At Monday’s meeting, the International
Civil Aviation Organization’s
air transportation partnership
with Small Island States was praised
as helpful as it, “promotes understanding
and security through cooperative
aviation regulation.”
For the small island states the
ICAO joint partnership is a lifeline to
ecological and social development, as
the airlines can offer help in crisis,
support for public health, protection
for ecosystems and climate change.
Tourism is the most important
industry for the fragile and beautiful
small island states. Yet for all the billions
of dollars spent each year on
travel to and tourism in island countries,
many islands still lack sustainable
transportation, and quality
aviation infrastructure. More framework
coding, policy, safety, and regulations
are needed along with adequate
funding for aviation, the partners
The Small Island Developing
States are communities that live close
to nature, with lives centered
Although they have what is left of a
natural paradise, these islands now are
confronted with many threats – rising
sea levels, and increasing catastrophic
disasters, multiplying due to humancaused
climate change from the industrialized
developed countries.
Climate refugee numbers are
increasing daily, and people are losing
their land and homes due to climate
change, and related severe storms.
These partnerships for SIDS
with the 17 Sustainable Development
goals are potential life savers, not just
for humans, but also for the ocean and
ocean species.
Small Island States offer one
of the last frontiers where people can
discover a better balance with nature,
participants agreed. Partnerships are
key, to unite more than nations, to
reach people, and engender respect for
the planet.
© Environment News Service (ENS)
2016. All rights reserved.
New Partnerships Shield Vulnerable Small Island States
Page 18 The Sun Bay Paper July 28, 2016 - August 10, 2016
Environmental News
For Movies
Show times
during the
week of
August 5-11
please call
Permanent Representative of
Maldives to the UN and Ambassador
of Maldives to the United States
Ahmed Sareer (Photo by IISD)

Wednesday, 10 August 2016 11:41

A Note From Sheriff Mike Scott:

In the face of continued
protests and intolerable violence
against Law Enforcement
Officers across our nation, I
sent this message to each and
every certified member of our
DO NOT compromise officer
safety over the
ginned up controversy
of current events;
wherein some suggest
that Law Enforcement
Officers are the problem
in our country
when it comes to
s...hooting deaths.
born of groups like
“Black Lives Matter”
who predictably jump
to conclusions and
pour into the streets
mere moments after
certain incidents; refusing to
wait for evidence, facts, or the
rule of law. Controversy born of
hypocrites who express instant,
under-informed outrage in the
comparatively rare instance of
a white cop shooting a black
citizen and virtual apathy when
a black citizen shoots another
black citizen; the latter being
the trend in an overwhelming
majority of black deaths in cities
across this country. Sadly, the
hypocrisy of “Black Lives Matter”
is that black lives apparently
matter far more if a white
cop is involved; despite thousands
of black lives lost to
members of the same race in
neighborhoods across the U.S.
You are part of a noble
and very difficult profession…a
profession that poses life or
death decisions in split seconds;
regardless of race, religion,
gender, or anything else.
A profession that is respected
by a quiet majority and criticized
by a vocal minority. A profession
that becomes far more
difficult when hacks like Minnesota
Governor Mark Dayton
rush to judgement and apparently
learn nothing from the fallacies
of Ferguson.
You are well trained and
well equipped, and my message
to you is stay safe. Stay
safe despite a handful of
elected misleaders and activists
who ignite and fan the
flames of racism by picking
and choosing which lives
matter more to them depending
on ethnicity alone.
Stay safe in the dangerous
arena of public safety
where all lives matter;
starting with yours.
These are increasingly
difficult times to be a law
enforcement or corrections
officer; however, we are
the last line of defense between
good and evil. Stay
safe and always review
your training. Stay safe and always
revert to your training.
Stay safe and never hesitate to
do that which is necessary to
reduce the chances of another
name being added to the ever
growing list of officers killed in
the line-of-duty.
Mike Scott
Sheriff of Lee County

A blast of sweltering heat
sweept across the United States
over the past ten days, and some
places will see temperatures as
much as 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit
(5.6 to 8.3 degrees Celsius)
above average for this
time of year, according to
the National Weather Service.
Hot weather in
July/August is to be expected,
of course — after
all, it's the middle of summer
— but a so-called heat
dome is kicking these hot
and humid temperatures up
a notch.
A heat dome happens
when a "dome" of
high pressure traps hot air
underneath it, said Mike
Musher, a meteorologist at
the NWS' Weather Prediction
Center in College Park,
Maryland. What we have
seen the past week was an
enormous dome that enveloped
much of the Midwest
before moving toward
the East Coast he said.]This dome formed largely
because the jet stream passing over
the U.S.-Canada border prevented
cooler air from pushing southward,
Musher said. "During the summer
months, with the jet typically so far
north and not much cold air to dig
into the united states, it's natural
for these large high pressure systems
to develop," he said.
Much of the country felt
scorching temperatures the past
two weeks, according to weather
prediction maps published by the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA). In Minneapolis,
for example, the average
temperature on July 21 is 84 degrees
F (29 degrees Celsius),
Musher said. But last weekend, it
was in the mid- to high 90s Fahrenheit
(about 35 to 37 degrees Celsius),
he said.
By as the heat dome moved
eastward,, some relief was felt as,
temperatures in parts of the Midwest
dropped to the 80s.But the
heat will continue to sizzle some
areas and may return with a
vengeance. Last Sunday, temperatures
hit 100 degrees Fahrenheit
(37 degrees Celsius) in several
states, including parts of Kansas,
Texas, South Carolina and Georgia,
according to NOAA's weather prediction
Heat domes aren't rare, but
this one appears to have produced
the first sizable heat wave of the
summer, Musher said.
Weather and government
officials advised people to stay
cool as the heat dome makes its
way across the country. Even President
Barack Obama tweeted,
"This map says it all. Stay safe as it
heats up: Drink water, stay out of
the sun and check on
your neighbors."
The White House
issued a statement asking
people to be
watchful of heat exhaustion
including heavy sweating;
skin that is cold
and pale; nausea; or
vomiting. Likewise,
heat stroke symptoms
include high body temperature;
skin that is
red, hot and dry; or
even unconsciousness,
according to the government.
Moreover, it's important
to check on infants,
young children
and the elderly, who
are less efficient at regulating
internal body
temperature than
adults are, the statement said. But
even adults should take care to
wear light-colored and loose-fitting
clothing, refrain from strenuous exercise,
and drink plenty of water,
the National Weather Service recommended.
Science Live

Tuesday, 09 August 2016 10:30


I was visiting my aunt in South Carolina last week, she is a devout
church goer. (I no longer attend but did with my aunt )
I not only used to attend church regularly, I worked within the church
and hated it, then and now. They would pass out a flyer telling you how
to vote for everything, leading up to and on the Sunday before election,
now, I’m sure they aren't the only ones to do that, we’re not even close to
the election and half the preaching last Sunday was about who to vote for
and that we need to convince our friends who to vote for.
WHAT A JOKE, I didn’t know it back then but do so now, this is illegal
and not what a church is supposed to do and it violates their tax free statis.
I fully support the taxing of all the church's profiting any money over expenses..
They do not deserve tax free statis any longer, all profits should be spent
on feeding the poor and providing shelter within our own country and
not just profiting.
And sorry, this especially applies to these mega churches that rack in
millions a year. They should be paying taxes!
Donna Mavrone

Tuesday, 09 August 2016 10:29

Dear Editor,

Dear Editor,
All the political ads now on the radio and tv are making me sick! Here’s
a hint to politicians... If your running for a political position or position
of power.....especially locally and your campaign signs, advertising is
massive....overwhelming....and blanketed totally all over so I have zero
clue who your opponent is....you have already lost my vote. When it is at
such as a scale where you know it takes a lot of deep pockets to pay for
it....you lost me. If elected those deep pockets expect to be paid back in
one way or another. That means me as an average citizen of little or no
wealth and without some crazy agenda will likely get little from it or
Jonathan Orento

Tuesday, 09 August 2016 10:27

To the Editor

To the Editor,
In the last election, over 75% of Lee County voters approved Amendment
1 directing the State to acquire and preserve land to protect habitat
and clean water. Sadly, some of our county commissioners did not get
this message and used our Conservation 20/20 funds as a piggy bank to
balance their budget.
Fortunately, in Dick Anderson we have a Republican candidate for
county commissioner who understands that voters care about the environment.
Dick helped draft the Lee County Comprehensive Plan. He understands
that allowing urban sprawl in areas critical to our drinking
water supply proves short sighted. As a member of the grassroots committee
that formed Conservation 20/20, he knows the importance of acquiring
and managing key properties that protect water supply, open
space and wildlife habitat.
One of our biggest environmental problems comes from outside our
county. Our commissioners have not committed to stopping the fresh
water releases from Lake Okeechobee that damage our estuaries. Dick
has the background and skills to take a stand and work with government
agencies and other organizations to solve this problem.
If you voted for Amendment 1, you will want to vote for Dick Anderson.
Gene Gibson
Fort Myers, Florida


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