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Skywatchers are in for an end-of-year treat. What has become known popularly as the “Christmas Star” is an especially vibrant planetary conjunction easily visible in the evening sky over the next two weeks as the bright planets Jupiter and Saturn come together, culminating on the night of Dec. 21.

In 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei pointed his telescope to the night sky, discovering the four moons of Jupiter – Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. In that same year, Galileo also discovered a strange oval surrounding Saturn, which later observations determined to be its rings. These discoveries changed how people understood the far reaches of our solar system.

Thirteen years later, in 1623, the solar system’s two giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn, traveled together across the sky. Jupiter caught up to and passed Saturn, in an astronomical event known as a “Great Conjunction.”

Each night, the two planets will appear closer low in the southwest an hour after sunset as illustrated in the below graphic:

jupiter saturn sm   


“You can imagine the solar system to be a racetrack, with each of the planets as a runner in their own lane and the Earth toward the center of the stadium,” said Henry Throop, astronomer in the Planetary Science Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “From our vantage point, we’ll be able to be to see Jupiter on the inside lane, approaching Saturn all month and finally overtaking it on December 21.”

The planets regularly appear to pass each other in the solar system, with the positions of Jupiter and Saturn being aligned in the sky about once every 20 years.

What makes this year’s spectacle so rare, then? It’s been nearly 400 years since the planets passed this close to each other in the sky, and nearly 800 years since the alignment of Saturn and Jupiter occurred at night, as it will for 2020, allowing nearly everyone around the world to witness this “great conjunction.”


as seen with binoculars

The closest alignment will appear just a tenth of a degree apart and last for a few days. On the 21st, they will appear so close that a pinkie finger at arm’s length will easily cover both planets in the sky. The planets will be easy to see with the unaided eye by looking toward the southwest just after sunset.

From our vantage point on Earth the huge gas giants will appear very close together, but they will remain hundreds of millions of miles apart in space. And while the conjunction is happening on the same day as the winter solstice, the timing is merely a coincidence, based on the orbits of the planets and the tilt of the Earth.planets2

On Dec. 21st the two planets will appear as one and bright to the naked eye.... this is why it is refered to as the Christmas Star

“Conjunctions like this could happen on any day of the year, depending on where the planets are in their orbits,” said Throop. “The date of the conjunction is determined by the positions of Jupiter, Saturn, and the Earth in their paths around the Sun, while the date of the solstice is determined by the tilt of Earth’s axis. The solstice is the longest night of the year, so this rare coincidence will give people a great chance to go outside and see the solar system.”


as seen through a good telescope

For those who would like to see this phenomenon for themselves, here’s what to do:

• Find a spot with an unobstructed view of the sky, such as a field or park. Jupiter and Saturn are bright, so           they can be seen even from most cities.

• An hour after sunset, look to the southwestern sky. Jupiter will look like a bright star and be easily visible.

  Saturn will be slightly fainter and will appear slightly above and to the left of Jupiter until December 21,           when Jupiter will overtake it and they will reverse positions in the sky.

• The planets can be seen with the unaided eye, but if you have binoculars or a small telescope, you may be

 able to see Jupiter’s four large moons orbiting the giant planet.

Thursday, 17 December 2020 06:05

COVIDGATE (Part 3): Attack on Informed Consent

Patient rights and bioethics are impossible without truly informed consent. This fundamental concept has vanished from public view faster than paper towels and toilet paper from your grocery shelves. Informed consent matters more than ever because we are entering the most coercive era of medical tyranny in human history.

If the public health-industrial complex gets its way, you may not be able to work, travel, shop or go to school without proof of a COVID-19 vaccination. Who needs government to do the mandating when corporations, airlines and educational institutions will do all the dirty work for Big Brother? The unthinking surrender of our autonomy to global pandemic blackmailers is horrific. Can you really offer voluntary and thorough consent at "warp speed" with a figurative gun to your head?

Fact: Our right to self-determination cannot be protected if doctors fail to disclose all risks of treatments. The same holds true in medical research.

Ask yourselves this: In what sane world would we allow children as young as 11 to obtain the COVID-19 vaccine without parental approval -- as the Washington, D.C., council decreed last month -- while scientific experts are warning us that the adult subjects of COVID-19 vaccine trials were themselves inadequately told of the risks that the jabs "could worsen disease"?

Yes, you read that right. A review of COVID-19 vaccine protocols published in the October issue of the International Journal of Clinical Practice determined that an alarming phenomenon called "antibody-dependent enhancement" -- which could worsen COVID-19 -- "was obscured" by vaccine manufacturers. Timothy Cardozo of the New York University Langone Health and Ronald Veazey of the Tulane University School of Medicine concluded that the vaccine-enhanced disease risk "should have been prominently and independently disclosed to research subjects." The reckless omission "obviate(ed) truly informed consent."

Indeed, vaccine researchers hid the ADE risk "last or next to last" in their clinical trial consent forms and downplayed the risk as "theoretical," when evidence of the risk is in fact "non-theoretical" and "compelling." Burying adverse effects in the fine print is standard operating procedure for Big Pharma. It's exactly what they'll do with the package inserts for the shots, too. Speaking of which, did you know that the FDA's draft list of "adverse event outcomes" for COVID-19 vaccines includes: stroke, convulsions/seizures, transverse myelitis, encephalitis, narcolepsy and cataplexy; acute myocardial infarction; autoimmune disease; Kawasaki disease, Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in children, arthritis and joint pain; myocarditis/pericarditis, venous thromboembolism, other acute demyelinating diseases and death?

I'm sure D.C. grade schoolers will understand all that and be able to fathom the impact of Big Pharma's immunity from vaccine lawsuits. For true informed consent, they must also be made aware of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program's payouts to the vaccine-injured of more than $4.4 billion since 1989, not to mention boning up on the 30 different genetic mutations of SARS-Cov-2 and the troubling "inflammatory component" identified as "intrinsic to all mRNA vaccines." The kids also can't be fully informed without knowledge of the adverse outcomes reported by trial volunteers on Facebook, where screenshots I obtained showed members complaining they were "unable to lift anything" after their jab, experienced arm pain for several weeks, felt like they were "beaten with a baseball bat" and endured hours-long vomiting.

As the FDA prepares to meet Dec. 10 to consider emergency use authorization for the Pfizer vaccine, I urge free-thinking Americans to read two expert petitions calling for suspension of all COVID-19 clinical trials in both the U.S. and in Europe. One co-petitioner, Dr. Michael Yeadon, happens to be a former vice president and chief scientific officer at Pfizer Global. He and his fellow signatories warn about the unreliability of rapid COVID-19 testing (RT-qPCR). They also amplify points made in my previous "COVIDGATE" columns about how the clinical trial design does not measure whether the vaccine actually prevents virus transmission or reduction in severe illness or death.

Wait, there's more.

Yeadon and his co-petitioners raised red flags about two additives in Pfizer's vaccine: polyethylene glycol (against which 70% of people produce antibodies that could provoke "allergic, potentially deadly reactions") and mNeonGreen (a bioluminescent ingredient derived from a marine invertebrate "of unknown antigenicity"). They also warn of potential fertility-specific risks involving antibodies against "spike proteins" that could disrupt development of placenta in vaccinated women. It is "unclear," Yeadon and his co-petitioners observed, "what if any instructions/information" that clinical trial subjects received regarding the risks of ADE, allergies, or infertility.

Still more: In response to Part Two of my series on blabbermouth crusaders informally unblinding themselves online, Dr. Peter Doshi, associate editor of the British Medical Journal, told me he is "quite nervous" that zealous research volunteers who believe they got the placebo will engage in "formal unblinding" by bailing out of ongoing experiments to get the vaccine. Thus, "the trials will not contain a placebo arm for enough time to learn where the vaccines can reduce the risk of serious outcomes like ICU use or death - what any real life-saving vaccine should be able to demonstrate."

The more you know, the clearer the choice: Do not consent.


michelle malkin sm

Michelle Malkin

Now, we at SunBayPaper have printed numerous articles about this in the past, The Constitution has procedures to handle this! But the lame stream media keeps spinning the truth...
Our forefathers were so brilliant that a document written over 240 years ago already foresaw the possibility of this election's fiasco and fraudulent outcome.
Sooooooooo.......According to the Constitution....
This is how its all going to end Jan 6, Trump wins. From Jenna Ellis... President Trump's attorney!....
Today, (Monday Dec. 14) the electoral college votes will be sealed and sent by special carrier to Washington where they will remain sealed until January 6th when the House and Senate will come into a joint session to open the votes. The media is going to make you believe that it's all over and Joe Biden is now officially president...
On January 6th, Nancy Pelosi will sit down with the rest of the House members as she has no special power or authority over the hearing... Vice President Mike Pence will have all the authority as president of the Senate for that day and will accept or reject motions to decide the next steps by the assembly.
Remember... Mike Pence is in full authority that day as written in the Constitution. The ballots will be certified today but that means nothing...
The votes will be opened and at that point one House member could, and most likely will, raise their hand to object to the Vice President on the state of elector's votes. That objection could cover fraud or any other reason, and with the seconding of that objection everything changes. Everything!!
The House and Senate will divide for two hours (at least) to debate, then vote. The vote will be per Senator with the Vice President being the deciding vote if needed in the Senate, while the vote in the House will be only be ONE vote per delegation, per state, not per House member!!! The Republicans have 30 delegation votes compared to the Democrats 20 delegation votes.
If this scenario runs true, President Trump gets re-elected.
The Democrats, the media, social networks and globalists around the world will come unhinged and chaos will erupt. Bigly.
President Trump is trying to do the right thing and go through the courts first, expose all the fraud, but we all knew that none of the courts, even the Supreme Court wanted to touch this issue with a 10-ft pole!
This is why our forefathers were so brilliant because they knew something like this could happen someday. So, don't listen to the media and all their deception and lies. All you have to do is read the Constitution and you know that the law, policies and procedures in the end are on our side.
Jenna Ellis

This will be the Last Fundraiser for the Beach Kids Foundation in 2020  this TUESDAY, December 15th

ALL DAY    11am - 10pm

scan code beach foundation

Hosted by:            


645 Old San Carlos, Fort Myers Beach

(239) 463-4343

This will be a TOY DRIVE (so bring a toy) with Snug Harbor letting 20% ALL FOOD SALES go to benefitting The Beach Kids Foundation, "Spiritof the Holidays"!

Come on over and join us outdoors with Nick, Mary, Peter, Ray, Leslie and all the fun, local staff & guests... or check out their Menu below and order To-Go!

Amazing Food and the Bay View is UNBELIEVABLE! 

Join our "Reindeer Team" with our FMB Firefighter partners

SWFL firefighter logo local 1826reindeer firgigheter

and help fill Santa's Sleigh for full of toys for our Local Kids and Island Families!



For information on Beach Kids Foundation, call President Linda Beasley 239-980-0661, Deborah Groll 239-850-6322 or Tracey Gore 239-849-3603.

President-elect Joe Biden proudly has announced that his White House senior communications team will be "filled entirely by women."

As a woman, I like to see women break barriers and take a seat in what used to be men's clubs.

But it's hard to get excited at the notion that Biden's upper-press operation will be Ladies Only. Men represent some 49% of the population, so you'd think there would be a place for at least one of them in the top seven plum spots.

Mayhap Team Biden was finding it hard to come up with "firsts." Dee Dee Myers, after all, became the first female White House press secretary in 1993 thanks to President Bill Clinton. In 2007, President George W. Bush made Dana Perino the second female press secretary.

President Barack Obama's press secretaries were entirely men. President Donald Trump apparently prefers spokeswomen. He chose Sarah Sanders to follow Sean Spicer's short tenure, and then Stephanie Grisham, who never gave a briefing, and then current Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany.

So having Jen Psaki as Biden press secretary and Kate Bedingfield as communications director is hardly groundbreaking. By adding communications directors, spokespersons and deputies for the president-elect, first lady and vice president, Team Joe baked the all-women team.

Psaki noted that her team includes mothers of young children, which makes her the third press secretary/mother of a young child after Sanders and McEnany.

McEnany took umbrage with a Washington Post story on Biden's distaff press shop. Trump, she tweeted, "already has an ALL FEMALE Senior White House Press Team," citing herself, Communications Director Alyssa Farah and communications pros who work for the vice president and the first and second ladies.

McEnany was onto a media double standard. Top female staffers are hailed as trailblazers when they are Democrats but dismissed as Stepford Wives when they are Republicans. Perino recently offered that conservative women know they "aren't going to get the glowing profiles."

For her troubles, McEnany was schooled by New York Times ace Maggie Haberman, who suggested principal deputy press secretary Judd Deere and spokesman Brian Morgenstern might not like McEnany's tweet. Message: McEnany, a Harvard Law School graduate who studied at Oxford, can't set her own definition of who is senior staff. She's supposed to stick to the Biden version.

"If Kayleigh McEnany and Alyssa Farah were Democratic women, they would be on the cover page of Vanity Fair or Vogue," assistant press secretary Karoline Leavitt told me. Ditto the first lady.

Friends expect Biden briefings to be boring affairs -- which would make them like the former vice president's rare and brief press availabilities. Staff, not Biden, choose which reporters are graced with the opportunity to toss softballs at the future president. Obviously, the Biden press corps sees little upside in pressing Biden. Often their questions focus not on Biden but on Trump's bad-boy antics.

Perhaps for a change in pace someone can ask Psaki to pass the Grey Poupon.

Like Trump, the cantankerous Biden has been known to insult reporters who ask him tough questions. When Fox News' Peter Doocy asked Biden how many times he talked to his son Hunter about his son's overseas business dealings, Biden snapped that Doocy, who has covered Biden for his network, should ask Trump that question.

When CBS News reporter Bo Erickson asked Biden if he would encourage teachers unions to reopen schools, Biden knocked him as "the only guy that always shouts out questions." (Sad.) When another interviewer asked Biden if he would take a cognitive test, Biden asked the interviewer if he was a junkie.

In other words, meet the new boss, same as the old boss. As for the press team, it will be "A League of Their Own, the Sequel."

Debra J. Saunders

Friday, 11 December 2020 00:56

Joe Biden Says He Wants a 'Revolution'

In which America would you prefer to live? In one America, a family that works hard and saves money can afford to buy a detached home on a nice piece of land -- with a two-car garage.

In their home, they have a refrigerator, a freezer, a stove, two ovens, a dishwasher, a washing machine and a dryer. They purchased all of these appliances in an open market after doing careful research to make sure they got good machines that did the jobs they were supposed to do and were worth the money they cost.

They also have three toilets -- that actually flush.  

 And two showers -- that routinely run with hot water.

 They also own two cars they keep filled with gasoline and use every day to drive their kids to school and themselves to work. They also use them to drive their kids to sporting events and go on vacations to great American places -- using the already-existing interstate highway system they paid so much in taxes over the years to build and maintain.

In the other America, the same family is regulated into an apartment or townhouse that is squeezed between two neighbors. They have no yard and no garage. They have a small refrigerator, a stove and one oven -- none of which works very well. They do not have a dishwasher, but they do have a washing machine -- if not a dryer.

Their kids take a government bus to school, and they take a government bus to a mass-transit train and the train to their workplace.

All along the route, they see windmills and solar panels -- blocking the once-splendid view of a nearby mountain range.

But they live in an "energy-efficient" America.

And they pay more in taxes than their predecessors did in the former America that the country's leadership has determined was overcrowded with energy-consuming appliances.

As you struggle to figure out which place you would rather live, consider, too, this follow-up question: Which one is closer to Joe Biden's "vision" for America?

Biden, you see, says he wants a "revolution."

On his campaign website, Biden published a plan for how he is going to achieve it. It is entitled "The Biden Plan for a Clean Energy Revolution and Environmental Justice."

America, Biden claims, faces an "existential threat" -- and he is going to save us from it.

"From coastal towns to rural farms to urban centers, climate change poses an existential threat -- not just to our environment, but to our health, our communities, our national security, and our economic well-being," says his plan for this "revolution."

Among the enemies posing this "existential threat" (as Biden sees it) are American homes, vehicles and appliances -- as well as the spacious suburban neighborhoods where too many Americans complacently live in energy-consuming comfort.

Biden, says his plan, will "put in place a national program to target a package of affordable energy efficiency retrofits in American homes."

He will direct the U.S. Department of Energy to redouble efforts to accelerate new efficiency standards for household appliances and equipment," it says.

"In addition," it says, "Biden will restore the full electric vehicle tax credit to incentivize the purchase of these vehicles." "And," it says, "he will work to develop a new fuel economy standard that goes beyond what the Obama-Biden Administration put in place."

As Biden campaigned for president from his basement, he was apparently inspired by the idea that more Americans should take mass transit -- or ride a bike -- to work.

"Communities across the country are experiencing a growing need for alternative and cleaner transportation options, including transit, dedicated bicycle and pedestrian thoroughfares, and first- and last-mile connections," says his plan.

He intends to "fund local transportation" in a way that creates a "safer, cleaner, and more accessible transportation ecosystem."

Biden wants Americans to get closer to each other -- not only in their housing but on their way to work.

Altering local regulations to eliminate sprawl and allow for denser, more affordable housing near public transit would cut commute times for many of the country's workers while decreasing their carbon footprint," says his plan.

Together," says Biden's related "Plan to Build a Modern, Sustainable Infrastructure and an Equitable Clean Energy Future," "these steps will unleash a clean energy revolution in America, create good paying union jobs that cannot be outsourced, and spur the installation of millions of solar panels -- including utility-scale, rooftop, and community solar systems -- and tens of thousands of wind turbines -- including thousands of turbines off our coasts -- in Biden's first term."

Imagine how beautifully Biden's plan will transform the American landscape and seascape. They will become environmental masterpieces.

And Biden says he will do this with "a federal investment of $1.7 trillion" and at least $3.3 trillion in what he calls "private sector and state and local investments."

When the government takes your money and spends it, Biden -- who has spent 47 years in federal office -- calls it an "investment" in his revolution.

small smiley face with sunglasses1







Attorney General Ashley Moody encouraged Floridians this Cyber Monday to beware of online scammers throughout the holiday season.

Moody provided several tips to help Floridians protect themselves from identity theft and other cybercrimes. The tips come as more than 60% of Americans plan to purchase a holiday item online, according to the National Retail Federation.

“Online sales have soared this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic and consumers will continue to utilize the convenience of online shopping for Cyber Monday and the remainder of the holiday shopping season,” Moody said in a news release. “However, with that convenience comes risks. Taking steps to protect yourself online this holiday season will help you avoid scams, and it will help us build a stronger, safer Florida.”

Moody urged Floridians to limit their shopping to reputable, well-known websites. She asked Floridians to consider using a credit card instead of a debit card.

“Credit cards usually offer better protection and provide more opportunity to challenge purchases before you pay your credit card bill,” the news release said.

Moody also warned against deals that seem “too good to be true.” She stressed that ads, coupons and solicitations from unknown senders can be risky, and compromise a shopper’s financial and personal information.

Earlier this month, Moody published Scams at a Glance: ‘Tis the Season, an online brochure promoting consumer protection tips for the holidays.

Prior to that, she released the 2020 Holiday Consumer Protection Guide. The guide contains additional online shopping tips as well as advisories on charity-related scams and item recalls.

According to the National Retail Federation, consumer spending is forecasted to decrease this year by $8 amid the COVID-19 pandemic. In all, consumers are estimated to spend roughly $997 on gifts and other holiday items such as decorations and food.

Shopping deals and steering clear of crowds ranked as the top two consumer priorities during the holiday season, the NRF said.




Andrew Gillum shined a signature grin at a May press event last year as he stood alongside Democratic leaders. The former Democratic gubernatorial candidate handed a $100,000 game-show-style check to Florida Democratic Party Chair Terrie Rizzo. The logo for Forward Florida Action, a nonprofit formed just a month priorwith the stated mission of educating the public and increasing voter registration and participation.”

The event seemed to make good on a highly-publicized promise to ramp up Democratic engagement ahead of the 2020 presidential election. “This is simply a downpayment,” Gillum said, as reported by the Tampa Bay Times. “We’ve got a lot more coming your way.”

Except the check wasn’t a payment at all. New disclosures filed with the IRS by Forward Florida Action don’t include the $100,000 grant to the state party.

A look at campaign finance reports for the party shows the party never received any donation from Forward Florida Action.

Regardless, there never was any $100,000 check written by Forward Florida Action to the state party, something leadership for the organization acknowledged to Florida Politics.

“No campaigns or parties received direct grants from Forward Florida Action,” said Ryan Hurst, executive director of the nonprofit. “Mr. Gillum directly raised the $100,000 commitment to the Florida Democratic Party.”

The name Forward Florida Action only appeared on the cardboard check, not anything that could be deposited at the bank.

“All of Mr. Gillum’s efforts to grant or raise was done by him under the name of his organization, so the FFA name was used when presenting the check,” Hurst said. “Other direct donations to the party were made from Forward Florida PAC.”

Months after the press conference at USF, the Gillum-connected but separate Forward Florida political committee donated $5,000 to the state party in October 2019 and $150,000 in December 2019, according to Florida Democratic Party campaign finance reports.

Juan Penalosa, executive director of the Florida Democratic Party, said it was the Florida Forward  Action team that set up the appearance the organization was supporting the party.

“Andrew committed $100K and to fulfill that commitment, FF raised the money into the party,” Penalosa said via text. “They did not write a check to us. The check was a prop that the Gillum team brought with them to the press conference. It wasn’t an actual check.”

Some of the questions that long dogged Gillum’s organizations stem from the fact there’s both a nonprofit and a state committee, both connected to the former gubernatorial candidate, operating with similar names in the Florida political world.

But a look through the tax forms for Forward Florida Action, which operates far less transparently thanks to its nonprofit status, raised serious questions about how money there has been spent. That’s part of why the most recent 990 tax forms covering 2019 just became publicly available this month.

The financial disclosures from the nonprofit show the organization raised $2,022,674. That money was supposed to go toward “registering and reengaging voters who are often unseen and unheard.”

But a year later, the gap between registered Democrats and Republicans has greatly diminished. Florida Democrats grew ranks from 4.9 million registered for the 2018 midterms to 5.3 million registered for the 2020 presidential election, but Republicans in that time grew Florida registration from 4.7 million in 2018 to 5.2 million this year.

Democrats being outpaced by Republicans in net registrations can’t be pinned entirely on Gillum, Forward Florida Action or the Forward Florida committee. But it’s long caused donors and activists to criticize the organization for a failure to achieve its stated mission. Orlando attorney John Morgan, for example, has slammed Gillum’s organizations as only providing the politician a “slush fund.”

The latest disclosure for Forward Florida Action suggests the nonprofit has put significant resources toward travel expenses, internal staff and outside consultants, which consumed much of the organization’s budget in 2019.

A quarter of the organization’s revenue was unspent at the end of the year. That’s not unreasonable heading into an election year, but the high operation costs raise more questions based on revelations earlier this year regarding Gillum’s personal life. Notably, Hurst said a high-profile incident in Miami earlier this year, when Gillum attended a wedding in Miami but was in a hotel room drunk when police responded to a reported drug overdose for a known male escort, was a personal trip and Forward Florida Action did not pay for any related expenses.

The organization did issue $485,500 worth of grants. Hurst said that went to organizations engaged in registration and reengagement of low-participation voters, as opposed to the state party or individual campaigns.

The grant total ended up at roughly the same amount as the $484,808 reported in salaries for Forward Florida Action personnel. There, too, questions arise over bookkeeping for the organization. The tax form says the organization relies primarily on volunteer assistance, and just three employees.

That included original executive director Rosy Gonzalez Speers, who in 2019 earned a reported $100,286 before benefits. That leaves a lot of money not explicitly accounted for in the 990 form to pay other staff members.

There, Hurst acknowledged an accounting mistake in the form. Rather than having just three employees, Hurst said the nonprofit in 2019 employed eight full-time workers. An amendment to the report will reflect that discrepancy.

“We are only required to report wages for current officers, directors, trustees, key employees or employees making over $100,000 per year,” Hurst said. “Ms. Speers was a key employee as the Executive Director. None of our other employees fell into any of these designations.”

The organization did not list a salary for Gillum, listed as the nonprofit’s chair, and said he worked an average of two hours a week with Forward Florida Action as an institutional trustee.

“Mr. Gillum was a volunteer chair of the organization and did not receive any compensation,” Hurst said. “In regards to travel, Mr. Gillum and members of our team traveled nationally to raise funds, and also in Florida to build support for our core mission.”

The nonprofit also spent $181,838 with outside consultants.

The organization in its 38 weeks of existence in 2019 spent $153,503 on travel expenses. That’s an average of $4,040 per week. It also represents more than a quarter of the $545,817 in total expenses for the organization.

When all was said and done, the results sought by Forward Florida Action in its mission were largely intangible. More voters indeed were registered in Florida at the end of the 2020 cycle than when it began, and Democrats added more voters than the just-over-30,000-vote deficit that cost Gillum the job of Florida Governor to Republican Ron DeSantis.

But while Democratic President-elect Joe Biden flipped five states Republican Donald Trump won in 2016, Trump won Florida by greater than 3% this year as Republicans flipped two U.S. House seats and saw gains in the state Legislature.

That’s caused a significant amount of self-reflection within Florida Democratic circles. And it’s likely to subject Gillum’s political efforts to fresh scrutiny.

Biotech company Moderna said it will apply with federal regulators Monday for an emergency use permit for its COVID-19 vaccine.

Moderna will become the second company to request authorization from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration after Pfizer applied for its vaccine earlier this month.

In announcing its application, Moderna said Monday that further testing during its Phase 3 study, known as the COVE study, has shown that the vaccine is 94.1% effective and it is also safe.

Moderna enrolled more than 30,000 participants in the U.S. to test the vaccine. The study was conducted in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


The vaccine combines Moderna’s messenger RNA delivery platform with the stabilized SARS-CoV-2 spike immunogen developed by NIAID scientists at NIH.

“This positive primary analysis confirms the ability of our vaccine to prevent COVID-19 disease with 94.1% efficacy and importantly, the ability to prevent severe COVID-19 disease," Stéphane Bancel, chief executive officer of Moderna, said in a statement. "We believe that our vaccine will provide a new and powerful tool that may change the course of this pandemic and help prevent severe disease, hospitalizations and death.”

Moderna says it expects to ship roughly 20 million doses of the vaccine around the U.S. by the end of the year. Next year, it expects to distribute roughly 500 million to 1 billion doses worldwide.

Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine, which is still awaiting FDA approval, started shipping  to the U.S. from Belgium on Friday. Pfizer expects it will receive an emergency use permit by mid-December.

​Dan McCaleb 

The Center Square

“Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds, then they will just have to sit on their blisters.”

– Abraham Lincoln

When our founders penned the Constitution, they did not mention voting. This was an experiment in self-government that protected both minority and majority rights. They feared inherent voting or rule by the masses would not protect the minority. They believed patriotic citizens like them would forever protect the rule of law in a nation, based on citizen self-government, not on political parties.

Our founders believed mass arbitrary voting would force rule by factions. This belief was supported by the failures of past republics. There is clear evidence if the majority has the power to suppress the minority they can limit or take away rights. Our founders felt it was more important to divide and limit government powers to protect our rights than to limit extracting the rule of law from the voters.

What Americans assume as the right to vote resulted from broad shifts in American beliefs during the early 1800s. When Vermont, Kentucky and Tennessee entered the union, they included voting as a right in their Constitutions. The idea was popular but never a federal law.

"The most important office, and the one which all of us can and should fill, is that of private citizen."

– Louis Brandeis

It was not until after the Civil War in 1870 under the 15th Amendment that all men could vote in all elections. But that didn’t recognize voting as a right; only the right to equal treatment. Women were not granted the right to vote until the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1919. But that didn’t make voting an inherent legal right. Even the 1965 Voting Rights Act did not enshrine voting as a right in the Constitution. It only made it a crime to deny anyone from voting who had been qualified to vote.

Today, voting remains a privilege protected by laws. Still people think it is a right due to a lack of civic education. Schools today teach little about the Constitution or our founding. They focus on obscure historical identity group events, and being politically correct. They teach what they’re told to teach.

“Don’t believe what your teacher tells you merely out of respect.”

– Gautam Buddha

Although our founders were some of the wisest Enlightenment thinkers of their time, their greatest collective flaw was believing future Americans would protect and serve the nation they created for them. They were confident by protecting individual rights from the will of the majority, each citizen would have a voice in government. Therefore they left the managing of elections up to each state.

At the 1787 Convention, Virginia’s George Mason refused to sign the Constitution since it did not contain a bill of rights. He argued it was needed to assure the people this was a government they could control and it would not control them. The right to vote was included in his proposal. But his bill of rights was rejected when delegates claimed that outlining specific rights would imply those were the only rights reserved to the people. Mason never signed the Constitution because of this.

When the colonies saw the Constitution, they did not mention a word about “the right to vote” that had been omitted. They were more concerned about their right to protect themselves from the government and ability to rise up against it and take it out if it ever became abuse and tyrannical! They demanded a bill of rights before they would even consider ratifying this skeptical document.

"To disarm the people is the best and most effectual way to enslave them."

– George Mason

In 1788, James Madison, who drafted much of the Constitution, took up the task of drafting a bill of rights. Madison largely drew from the Virginia Declaration of Rights, which was written by Mason in 1776. He also drew from amendments suggested by the states’ ratifying conventions.

Madison drafted 19 amendments, none of which was the right to vote. He presented these to the House of Representatives on June 8, 1789, which approved 17 and sent them to the Senate. They approved 12 and sent them to states for ratification. On Dec. 15, 1791, the states approved only the most important 10, without a whimper about “voting” not being considered a basic right.

Ratification historian Pauline Maier wrote, “The Bill of Rights was closely scrutinized by Congress to insure every concern of the colonies was included.” And the colonies’ two most salient concerns were free speech and the right to bear arms. These are the first two amendments. The colonies felt if they had the right to free speech and to bear arms they could protect every other right they had.

"Due to a man’s lust for power, I fear given too much power, can be oppressive."

– George Mason

Our founders said our rights were bestowed by the Creator, and were “human rights.” They felt the right to citizenship was not a human right and that right must be balanced with responsibility. And since voting was only for citizens in good standing, it was not a Constitutional right but a privilege.

Furthermore, the colonies felt if they had the right to free speech, that meant it was a right to vote.

The U.S. Supreme Court and Constitutional scholars agree voting is a privilege. They also agree the right to free speech is a “human right,” inherent to the Constitution and to every citizen in this nation. Although the right to vote is not a Constitutional right, the accurate counting of these votes is a protected right since “voting is an expression of free speech” protected under the Bill of Rights. Guaranteed rights cannot be denied to anyone. Privileges must be earned to be used in a society.

Throughout our history suppression of free speech has diminished our liberty. We’ve allowed it so long, politicians, teachers and media violate it freely. Within the last decade, assaults against our First Amendment rights have been abusive; especially last election. Free speech was violated on every ballot not properly recorded. Since voting is an expression of free speech, every ballot must legally be counted under First Amendment guarantees.

“Every vote counts. Just ask me, I know.”

– Al Gore

Adolf Hitler said, “Ignorant masses are easily controlled.” Common Core has dumbed down pupils. They no longer know their rights or how to protect them. They are told being fair is more important than following the law. Teachers explain how capitalism is unfair since only some people win while others lose. They teach that socialism is fair and makes everyone equal. And this continues in the universities. Do students feel it is now OK to make elections more fair by making them less legal?

Dr. Martin Luther King told us, “Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” We took a huge step backwards this election when we made a wrong far left turn. This unveiled our total lack of Constitutional knowledge. The next four years will be the most pivotal in our history. Will we give into socialism? Surrender decades of lost income and liberty to socialist lies? Or will we return to growth, prosperity and the protection of our rights that we are entitled to as patriots? Is our ignorance bliss or will we recall Ben Franklin said he gave us a republic if we can keep it?

“Being ignorant is not so much a shame, as being unwilling to learn.”

– Ben Franklin

William Haupt III 

The Center Square