Volume 6 Issue 6_Sun Bay Paper

The first is the ‘Trump Train Parade around Cape Coral’ This is Non perishable food drive for a local charity. They ask that you bring non perishable food donation to the event and help us fill the back of the Truck! From Island to Bay, News at Sea Level Volume. 6 Issue No.5 On Vacation? Take us home with you! Read our digital Flipbook version at www.SunBayPaper.com Oct. 16, 2020 - Oct. 29, 2020 Cont. pg 16 Researchers from the University of Iowa may have discovered a safe new way to manage blood sugar non-invasively. Exposing diabetic mice to a combi- nation of static electric and magnetic fields for a few hours per day normalizes two major hallmarks of type 2 diabetes, according to new findings published Oct. 6 in Cell Metabolism. "We've built a re- mote control to manage di- abetes," says Calvin Carter, PhD, one of the study's lead authors and a postdoc in the lab of senior author Val Sheffield, MD, PhD, professor of pediatrics, and of ophthalmology and vi- sual sciences at the UI Carver College of Medi- cine. "Exposure to electro- magnetic fields (EMFs) for relatively short periods re- duces blood sugar and nor- malizes the body's response to insulin. The ef- fects are long-lasting, opening the possibility of an EMF therapy that can be applied during sleep to manage diabetes all day." The unexpected and surprising discovery may have major implica- tions in diabetes care, par- ticularly for patients who find current treatment regi- mens cumbersome. The new study indicates that EMFs alter the balance of oxidants and antioxi- dants in the liver, improv- ing the body's response to insulin. This effect is medi- ated by small reactive mol- ecules that seem to function as "magnetic an- tennae." After previously sug- gesting that governments should be careful about re- opening too quickly, the World Health Organization is now urging leaders not to use lock- downs as a primary means to curtail the spread of the coron- avirus. Dr. David Nabarro, a medical doctor who has worked for the Secretary-Gen- eral of the United Nations and the Director-General of the World Health Organization, told the British magazine, the Spectator, in a video interview that lockdowns should only be used as a last resort. “We in the World Health Organization do not advocate lockdowns as the primary means of control of this virus,” Nabarro said. Nabarro has been the WHO's Special Envoy on COVID-19 since February. He told the Spectator’s Andrew Neil, “We really do appeal to all world leaders: stop using lockdown as your primary control method.” “The only time we be- lieve a lockdown is justified is to buy your time to reorganize, regroup, rebalance your re- sources, protect your health workers who are exhausted, but by and large, we’d rather not do it,” he said. Nabarro added that ongoing and indefinite restric- tions imposed Two Trump Parades: “One If By Land and Two If By Sea” The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout from branches and eventually reach the soil. The tree also has a unique rela- tionship with a wasp that has coevolved with it and is the only insect that can pollinate it. In a new study, re- searchers identify regions in the banyan fig's genome that promote the development of its unusual aerial roots and enhance its ability to signal its wasp pollinator. The study, published in the journal Cell, also iden- tifies a sex-determining re- gion in a related fig tree, Ficus hispida. Unlike F. mi- crocarpa, which produces aer- ial roots and bears male and female flowers on the same tree, F. hispida produces dis- tinct male and female trees and no aerial roots. Understanding the evolutionary history of Ficus species and their wasp polli- nators is important because their ability to produce large fruits in a variety of habitats makes them a keystone species in most tropical forests, said Ray Ming, a plant biology professor at the University of Illinois, Ur- bana-Champaign who led the study with Jin Chen, of the Chinese Academy of Sci- ences. Figs are known to sus- tain at least 1,200 bird and mammal species. Fig trees were among the earliest do- mesticated crops and appear as sacred symbols in Hin- duism, Buddhism and other spiritual traditions. The relationship be- tween figs and wasps also presents an intriguing scien- tific challenge. The body shapes and sizes of the wasps correspond exactly to those of the fig fruits, and each species of fig produces a unique per- fume to attract its specific wasp pollinator. To better understand these evolutionary develop- ments, Ming and his col- leagues analyzed the genomes of the two fig species, along with that of a wasp that polli- nates the banyan tree. "When we sequenced the trees' genomes, we found more segmental duplications in the genome of the banyan tree than in F. hispida, the fig without the aerial roots," Ming said. "Those duplicated regions account for about 27% of the genome." The duplications in- creased the number of genes involved in the synthesis and transport of auxins, a class of hormones that promote plant growth. The duplicated re- gions also contained genes in- volved in plant immunity, nutrition and the production of volatile organic com- pounds that signal pollinators. "The levels of auxin in the aerial roots are five times higher than in the leaves of trees with or without aerial roots," Ming said. The elevated auxin levels appear to have triggered aerial root production. The duplicated regions also include genes that code for a light receptor that accelerates auxin produc- tion. When they studied the genome of the fig wasp and compared it with those of other related wasps, the re- searchers observed that the wasps were retaining and pre- serving genes for odorant re- ceptors that detect the same smelly compounds the fig trees produce. These genomic signatures are a signal of co- evolution between the fig trees and the wasps, the re- searchers report. Ming and his col- leagues also discovered a Y chromosome-specific gene that is expressed only in male plants of F. hispida and three other fig species that produce separate male and female plants, a condition known as dioecy. "This gene had been duplicated twice in the dioe- cious genomes, giving the plants three copies of the gene. But Ficus species that have male and female flowers together on one plant have only one copy of this gene," Ming said. "This strongly suggests that this gene is a dominant factor affecting sex determination." University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Evolutionary Secrets of Edison’s Banyan Trees Cont. pg 17 Cont. pg 6 Electromagnetic Fields Treat Diabetes in Animal Models W.H.O. Urges World Leaders to Stop Using Lockdowns as Primary Control Method for Coronavirus Dr. David Nabarro Thomaas Edison first brought the Banyan Tree to South West Florida